Akademik Bilişim 2010 - Muğla Üniversitesi

Title Desert Dune Process and Dynamics
Author(s) Author #1
Org : İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi
Country : Turkey
Email : lyilmaz__at__itu.edu.tr

Other Author(s)
Keywords Desert Dune Management, Fluid Mechanics, Remote Sensing
Abstract Abstract: This research reviews the advances made and problems encountered in the measurement, modelling and understanding of desert dune dynamics and processes with remote sensing. The main findings of three methods of investigation are reviewed: a) Field studies b) Wind tunnel studies c) Mathematical modelling Whilst major advances in field techniques have allowed an appreciation of the aerodynamic nature of sand dunes, particular problems with field research are evident in the measurement of aeolian processes on dune surfaces. It is shown that attempts to ascertain shear stresses on dune windward slopes in the field and relate changes in stress to sand transport rate and erosion/deposition measurements have generally failed. These difficulties have arisen because the non-log-linear nature of wind velocity profiles on dune surfaces as a result of windflow acceleration has made the calculation of surface shear stresses unviable. Significant advances have been achieved in wind tunnel modelling where high-frequency hot-wire anemometer measurements have enabled shear stress and turbulence characteristics to be determined, although problems have been encountered in choosing appropriate scaling parameters. Empirical field and wind tunnel data have allowed the calibration of mathematical models which are now at a stage where the flow field around dunes can be calculated. It is considered, however, that the emerging technique of modelling using complex systems theory may hold the key to constructing a reliable framework for future investigations. New complex systems models have emphasized the need to return to a larger-scale perspective where dunes are not considered as individual elements, but as an integral part of a dunefield where aeolian processes at the dune scale are not thought to be significant. Previous Works Bagnold?s work (1941; 1953; 1956) on dune processes and sediment transport gave the idea to the workers to investigate dunes and dunefields in attempts to understand their morphology, dynamics and genesis. The original ideas of Bagnold remain the backbone of dune dynamics research, many advances and refinements have been made from investigations of airflow over hills. In this research the significant advances and major difficulties encountered in investigations of dune processes and dynamics. Dune processes have often been reviewed as a tool for predicting dune movement in attempts to protect desert land, oases, communication lines and buildings. The types of problems are moving dunes. The distribution of dune types were clarified by Howard et al., (1977), Livingstone (1989), Shehata et al., (1992), Bullard et al., (1995), Lancaster, (1985; 1987; 1988; 1989a; 1989b; 1995), Wiggs et al., 1995; 1996a; 1996b). Furthermore, information about the desertification and land degradation were given by Thomas and Middleton, (1994) ; Williams and Balling, (1996). The ideas gained from the desert can be put to use in understanding the dynamics of coastal dunes used for sea defence and water resources (Arens et al., (1995); Arens, (1996); Bauer and Sherman, (1999); Van Dijk et al., (1999).
Topics • Coğrafi Bilgi Sistemleri, Haritalar ve Mashup